Local GPOs are used to allow the administrator of a Windows 2000/XP/2003/Vista computer to configure security and registry settings for the computer. LGPOs allow the administrator to do so in absence of an Active Directory-based GPO infrastructure.
Windows Vista has the ability to create multiple local group policies (GPOs). Wow! This means that whenever you want to configure different settings for different users you can do so easily without the need to mess with NTFS permissions (this was one of the methods used by Pre-Vista administrators to bypass the single LGPO limit in Windows 2000/XP/2003).
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